Contents

Theme Documentation - Basics

Updated on 2021-03-03: Since the template began to support uPagge, you can not do without names. You can find the changes by tag 1.x.x.

Discover what the Hugo - uBlog theme is all about and the core-concepts behind it.

Thanks to the simplicity of Hugo, Hugo is the only dependency of this theme.

Just install latest version of :(far fa-file-archive fa-fw): Hugo (> 0.62.0) for your OS (Windows, Linux, macOS).

Since Markdown Render Hooks was introduced in the Hugo Christmas Edition, this theme only supports Hugo versions above 0.62.0.
Since some features of this theme need to processes :(fab fa-sass fa-fw): SCSS to :(fab fa-css3 fa-fw): CSS, it is recommended to use Hugo extended version for better experience.

The following steps are here to help you initialize your new website. If you don’t know Hugo at all, we strongly suggest you learn more about it by following this great documentation for beginners.

Hugo provides a new command to create a new website:

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hugo new site my_website
cd my_website

The uBlogger theme’s repository is: https://github.com/upagge/uBlogger.

You can download the latest release :(far fa-file-archive fa-fw): .zip file of the theme and extract it in the themes directory.

Alternatively, clone this repository to the themes directory:

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git clone https://github.com/upagge/uBlogger.git themes/uBlogger

Or, create an empty git repository and make this repository a submodule of your site directory:

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git init
git submodule add https://github.com/upagge/uBlogger.git themes/uBlogger

The following is a basic configuration for the uBlogger theme:

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baseURL = "http://example.org/"
# [en, zh-cn, fr, ...] determines default content language
defaultContentLanguage = "en"
# language code
languageCode = "en"
title = "My New Hugo Site"

# Change the default theme to be use when building the site with Hugo
theme = "uBlogger"

[params]
  # uBlogger theme version
  version = "1.3.X"

[menu]
  [[menu.main]]
    identifier = "posts"
    # you can add extra information before the name (HTML format is supported), such as icons
    pre = ""
    # you can add extra information after the name (HTML format is supported), such as icons
    post = ""
    name = "Posts"
    url = "/posts/"
    # title will be shown when you hover on this menu link
    title = ""
    weight = 1
  [[menu.main]]
    identifier = "tags"
    pre = ""
    post = ""
    name = "Tags"
    url = "/tags/"
    title = ""
    weight = 2
  [[menu.main]]
    identifier = "categories"
    pre = ""
    post = ""
    name = "Categories"
    url = "/categories/"
    title = ""
    weight = 3

# Markup related configuration in Hugo
[markup]
  # Syntax Highlighting (https://gohugo.io/content-management/syntax-highlighting)
  [markup.highlight]
    # false is a necessary configuration
    noClasses = false
When building the website, you can set a theme by using --theme option. However, we suggest you modify the configuration file (config.toml) and set the theme as the default.

2.4 Create Your First Post

Here is the way to create your first post:

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hugo new posts/first_post.md

Feel free to edit the post file by adding some sample content and replacing the title value in the beginning of the file.

By default all posts and pages are created as a draft. If you want to render these pages, remove the property draft: true from the metadata, set the property draft: false or add -D/--buildDrafts parameter to hugo command.
Archetypes
You can copy /uBlogger/archetypes/default.md to your archetypes folder to create a pre-configured post.

Launch by using the following command:

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hugo serve

Go to http://localhost:1313.

When you run hugo serve, when the contents of the files change, the page automatically refreshes with the changes.

Since the theme use .Scratch in Hugo to implement some features, it is highly recommended that you add --disableFastRender parameter to hugo server command for the live preview of the page you are editing.

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hugo serve --disableFastRender

When your site is ready to deploy, run the following command:

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hugo

A public folder will be generated, containing all static content and assets for your website. It can now be deployed on any web server.

The website can be automatically published and hosted with Netlify (Read more about Automated HUGO deployments with Netlify). Alternatively, you can use AWS Amplify, Github pages, Render and more…

In addition to Hugo global configuration and menu configuration, uBlogger lets you define the following parameters in your site configuration (here is a config.toml, whose values are default).

Please open the code block below to view the complete sample configuration :(far fa-hand-point-down fa-fw)::

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[params]
  # uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.0 uBlogger theme version
  version = "1.3.X"
  # site description
  description = "This is My New Hugo Site"
  # site keywords
  keywords = ["Theme", "Hugo"]
  # site default theme ("light", "dark", "auto")
  defaultTheme = "auto"
  # public git repo url only then enableGitInfo is true
  gitRepo = ""
  # uBlogger NEW | 0.1.1 which hash function used for SRI, when empty, no SRI is used
  # ("sha256", "sha384", "sha512", "md5")
  fingerprint = ""
  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 date format
  dateFormat = "2006-01-02"
  # website images for Open Graph and Twitter Cards
  images = ["/logo.png"]

  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 App icon config
  [params.app]
    # optional site title override for the app when added to an iOS home screen or Android launcher
    title = "uBlogger"
    # whether to omit favicon resource links
    noFavicon = false
    # modern SVG favicon to use in place of older style .png and .ico files
    svgFavicon = ""
    # Android browser theme color
    themeColor = "#ffffff"
    # Safari mask icon color
    iconColor = "#5bbad5"
    # Windows v8-10 tile color
    tileColor = "#da532c"

  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Search config
  [params.search]
    enable = true
    # type of search engine ("lunr", "algolia")
    type = "lunr"
    # max index length of the chunked content
    contentLength = 4000
    # placeholder of the search bar
    placeholder = ""
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.1 max number of results length
    maxResultLength = 10
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.3 snippet length of the result
    snippetLength = 30
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.1 HTML tag name of the highlight part in results
    highlightTag = "em"
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.4 whether to use the absolute URL based on the baseURL in search index
    absoluteURL = false
    [params.search.algolia]
      index = ""
      appID = ""
      searchKey = ""

  # Header config
  [params.header]
    # desktop header mode ("fixed", "normal", "auto")
    desktopMode = "fixed"
    # mobile header mode ("fixed", "normal", "auto")
    mobileMode = "auto"
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Header title config
    [params.header.title]
      # URL of the LOGO
      logo = ""
      # title name
      name = ""
      # you can add extra information before the name (HTML format is supported), such as icons
      pre = ""
      # you can add extra information after the name (HTML format is supported), such as icons
      post = ""

  # Footer config
  [params.footer]
    enable = true
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Custom content (HTML format is supported)
    custom = ''
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to show Hugo and theme info
    hugo = true
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to show copyright info
    copyright = true
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to show the author
    author = true
    # Site creation time
    since = 2019
    # ICP info only in China (HTML format is supported)
    icp = ""
    # license info (HTML format is supported)
    license = '<a rel="license external nofollow noopener noreffer" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_blank">CC BY-NC 4.0</a>'

  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Section (all posts) page config
  [params.section]
    # special amount of posts in each section page
    paginate = 20
    # date format (month and day)
    dateFormat = "01-02"
    # amount of RSS pages
    rss = 10

  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 List (category or tag) page config
  [params.list]
    # special amount of posts in each list page
    paginate = 20
    # date format (month and day)
    dateFormat = "01-02"
    # amount of RSS pages
    rss = 10

  # Home page config
  [params.home]
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 amount of RSS pages
    rss = 10
    # Home page profile
    [params.home.profile]
      enable = true
      # Gravatar Email for preferred avatar in home page
      gravatarEmail = ""
      # URL of avatar shown in home page
      avatarURL = "/images/avatar.png"
      # uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.7 title shown in home page (HTML format is supported)
      title = ""
      # subtitle shown in home page
      subtitle = "This is My New Hugo Site"
      # whether to show social links
      social = true
      # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 disclaimer (HTML format is supported)
      disclaimer = ""
    # Home page posts
    [params.home.posts]
      enable = true
      # special amount of posts in each home posts page
      paginate = 6
      # uBlogger DELETED | 0.2.0 replaced with hiddenFromHomePage in params.page
      # default behavior when you don't set "hiddenFromHomePage" in front matter
      defaultHiddenFromHomePage = false

  # Social config about the author
  [params.social]
    GitHub = "xxxx"
    Linkedin = ""
    Twitter = "xxxx"
    Instagram = "xxxx"
    Facebook = "xxxx"
    Telegram = "xxxx"
    Medium = ""
    Gitlab = ""
    Youtubelegacy = ""
    Youtubecustom = ""
    Youtubechannel = ""
    Tumblr = ""
    Quora = ""
    Keybase = ""
    Pinterest = ""
    Reddit = ""
    Codepen = ""
    FreeCodeCamp = ""
    Bitbucket = ""
    Stackoverflow = ""
    Weibo = ""
    Odnoklassniki = ""
    VK = ""
    Flickr = ""
    Xing = ""
    Snapchat = ""
    Soundcloud = ""
    Spotify = ""
    Bandcamp = ""
    Paypal = ""
    Fivehundredpx = ""
    Mix = ""
    Goodreads = ""
    Lastfm = ""
    Foursquare = ""
    Hackernews = ""
    Kickstarter = ""
    Patreon = ""
    Steam = ""
    Twitch = ""
    Strava = ""
    Skype = ""
    Whatsapp = ""
    Zhihu = ""
    Douban = ""
    Angellist = ""
    Slidershare = ""
    Jsfiddle = ""
    Deviantart = ""
    Behance = ""
    Dribbble = ""
    Wordpress = ""
    Vine = ""
    Googlescholar = ""
    Researchgate = ""
    Mastodon = ""
    Thingiverse = ""
    Devto = ""
    Gitea = ""
    XMPP = ""
    Matrix = ""
    Bilibili = ""
    Email = "xxxx@xxxx.com"
    RSS = true # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0

  # uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.0 Page config
  [params.page]
    # uBlogger NEW | 1.0.0 main subject for articles, by default classic. more on themes}
    theme = "classic"
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to hide a page from home page
    hiddenFromHomePage = false
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to hide a page from search results
    hiddenFromSearch = false
    # uBlogger NEW | 1.2.0 Allows you to hide the preview image on the article page
    hiddenFeaturedImage = false
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to enable twemoji
    twemoji = false
    # whether to enable lightgallery
    lightgallery = false
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to enable the ruby extended syntax
    ruby = true
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to enable the fraction extended syntax
    fraction = true
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 whether to enable the fontawesome extended syntax
    fontawesome = true
    # whether to show link to Raw Markdown content of the content
    linkToMarkdown = true
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.4 whether to show the full text content in RSS
    rssFullText = false
    # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 Post display settings on the page
    [params.summary]
      # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 Display previews on the page of posts
      hiddenImage = false
      # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 Allows you to hide the description
      hiddenDescription = false
      # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 Allows you to hide the title
      hiddenTitle = false
    # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 Tag display settings
    [params.summary.tags]
      # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 One of the options for displaying tags
      theme = "image"
      # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 Text color
      color = "white"
      # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 Backing color
      background = "black"
      # uBlogger NEW | 1.1.0 Tag transparency
      transparency = 0.9
    # uBlogger NEW | 1.2.0 Fasting time display
    [params.timeAgo]
      enable = "false"
      lang = "en"
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Table of the contents config
    [params.page.toc]
      # whether to enable the table of the contents
      enable = true
      # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.9 whether to keep the static table of the contents in front of the post
      keepStatic = true
      # whether to make the table of the contents in the sidebar automatically collapsed
      auto = true
    # uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.0 KaTeX mathematical formulas
    [params.page.math]
      enable = true
      # default block delimiter is $$ ... $$ and \\[ ... \\]
      blockLeftDelimiter = ""
      blockRightDelimiter = ""
      # default inline delimiter is $ ... $ and \\( ... \\)
      inlineLeftDelimiter = ""
      inlineRightDelimiter = ""
      # KaTeX extension copy_tex
      copyTex = true
      # KaTeX extension mhchem
      mhchem = true
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Code config
    [params.page.code]
      # whether to show the copy button of the code block
      copy = true
      # the maximum number of lines of displayed code by default
      maxShownLines = 10
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Mapbox GL JS config
    [params.page.mapbox]
      # access token of Mapbox GL JS
      accessToken = ""
      # style for the light theme
      lightStyle = "mapbox://styles/mapbox/light-v9"
      # style for the dark theme
      darkStyle = "mapbox://styles/mapbox/dark-v9"
      # whether to add NavigationControl
      navigation = true
      # whether to add GeolocateControl
      geolocate = true
      # whether to add ScaleControl
      scale = true
      # whether to add FullscreenControl
      fullscreen = true
    # uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.0 social share links in post page
    [params.page.share]
      enable = true
      Twitter = true
      Facebook = true
      Linkedin = false
      Whatsapp = true
      Pinterest = false
      Tumblr = false
      HackerNews = false
      Reddit = false
      VK = false
      Buffer = false
      Xing = false
      Line = true
      Instapaper = false
      Pocket = false
      Digg = false
      Stumbleupon = false
      Flipboard = false
      Weibo = true
      Renren = false
      Myspace = true
      Blogger = true
      Baidu = false
      Odnoklassniki = false
      Evernote = true
      Skype = false
      Trello = false
      Mix = false
    # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.7 Third-party library config
    [params.page.library]
      [params.page.library.css]
        # someCSS = "some.css"
        # located in "assets/"
        # Or
        # someCSS = "https://cdn.example.com/some.css"
      [params.page.library.js]
        # someJavascript = "some.js"
        # located in "assets/"
        # Or
        # someJavascript = "https://cdn.example.com/some.js"
    # uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.10 Page SEO config
    [params.page.seo]
      # image URL
      images = []
      # Publisher info
      [params.page.seo.publisher]
        name = ""
        logoUrl = ""
  
    # uBlogger CHANGED | 1.1.0 Comment config
    [params.comment]
      enable = true
      # uBlogger NEW | 1.0.0
      # Remark42 comment config
      [params.comment.remark42]
        enable = false
        # the location of your server with Remark42
        host = "https://remark.example.com"
        # remark42 supports comments for several sites at once, this identifier indicates which site to display comments for.
        site = "you_site_key"
        # design theme
        theme = "light"
        # language
        locale = "en"
        # enable or disable smiley support
        emailSubscribe = "true"
      # Disqus comment config
      [params.comment.disqus]
        # uBlogger NEW | 0.1.1
        enable = false
        # Disqus shortname to use Disqus in posts
        shortname = ""
      # Gitalk comment config
      [params.comment.gitalk]
        # uBlogger NEW | 0.1.1
        enable = false
        owner = ""
        repo = ""
        clientId = ""
        clientSecret = ""
      # Valine comment config
      [params.comment.valine]
        enable = false
        appId = ""
        appKey = ""
        placeholder = ""
        avatar = "mp"
        meta= ""
        pageSize = 10
        lang = ""
        visitor = true
        recordIP = true
        highlight = true
        enableQQ = false
        serverURLs = ""
        # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.6 emoji data file name, default is "google.yml"
        # ("apple.yml", "google.yml", "facebook.yml", "twitter.yml")
        # located in "themes/uBlogger/assets/data/emoji/" directory
        # you can store your own data files in the same path under your project:
        # "assets/data/emoji/"
        emoji = ""
      # Facebook comment config
      [params.comment.facebook]
        enable = false
        width = "100%"
        numPosts = 10
        appId = ""
        languageCode = ""
      # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Telegram comments config
      [params.comment.telegram]
        enable = false
        siteID = ""
        limit = 5
        height = ""
        color = ""
        colorful = true
        dislikes = false
        outlined = false
      # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Commento comment config
      [params.comment.commento]
        enable = false
      # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.5 Utterances comment config
      [params.comment.utterances]
        enable = false
        # owner/repo
        repo = ""
        issueTerm = "pathname"
        label = ""
        lightTheme = "github-light"
        darkTheme = "github-dark"

  # Site verification code config for Google/Bing/Yandex/Pinterest/Baidu
  [params.verification]
    google = ""
    bing = ""
    yandex = ""
    pinterest = ""
    baidu = ""

  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.10 Site SEO config
  [params.seo]
    # image URL
    image = ""
    # thumbnail URL
    thumbnailUrl = ""

  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0 Analytics config
  [params.analytics]
    enable = false
    # Google Analytics
    [params.analytics.google]
      id = ""
      # whether to anonymize IP
      anonymizeIP = true
    # Fathom Analytics
    [params.analytics.fathom]
      id = ""
      # server url for your tracker if you're self hosting
      server = ""
    # uBlogger NEW | 1.0.0
    # Yandex.Metrika
    [params.analytics.yandex]
      # your meter number
      id = ""

  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.7 Cookie consent config
  [params.cookieconsent]
    enable = true
    # text strings used for Cookie consent banner
    [params.cookieconsent.content]
      message = ""
      dismiss = ""
      link = ""

  # uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.7 CDN config for third-party library files
  [params.cdn]
    # CDN data file name, disabled by default
    # ("jsdelivr.yml")
    # located in "themes/uBlogger/assets/data/cdn/" directory
    # you can store your own data files in the same path under your project:
    # "assets/data/cdn/"
    data = ""

  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.8 Compatibility config
  [params.compatibility]
    # whether to use Polyfill.io to be compatible with older browsers
    polyfill = false
    # whether to use object-fit-images to be compatible with older browsers
    objectFit = false

# Markup related config in Hugo
[markup]
  # Syntax Highlighting
  [markup.highlight]
    codeFences = true
    guessSyntax = true
    lineNos = true
    lineNumbersInTable = true
    # false is a necessary configuration
    noClasses = false
  # Goldmark is from Hugo 0.60 the default library used for Markdown
  [markup.goldmark]
    [markup.goldmark.extensions]
      definitionList = true
      footnote = true
      linkify = true
      strikethrough = true
      table = true
      taskList = true
      typographer = true
    [markup.goldmark.renderer]
      # whether to use HTML tags directly in the document
      unsafe = true
  # Table Of Contents settings
  [markup.tableOfContents]
    startLevel = 2
    endLevel = 6

# Author config
# uBlogger CHANGED | 1.0.0
[author]
  name = "xxxx"

# Sitemap config
[sitemap]
  changefreq = "weekly"
  filename = "sitemap.xml"
  priority = 0.5

# Permalinks config
[Permalinks]
  # posts = ":year/:month/:filename"
  posts = ":filename"

# Privacy config
[privacy]
  # uBlogger DELETED | 0.2.0 privacy of the Google Analytics (replaced by params.analytics.google)
  [privacy.googleAnalytics]
    # ...
  [privacy.twitter]
    enableDNT = true
  [privacy.youtube]
    privacyEnhanced = true

# Options to make output .md files
[mediaTypes]
  [mediaTypes."text/plain"]
    suffixes = ["md"]

# Options to make output .md files
[outputFormats.MarkDown]
  mediaType = "text/plain"
  isPlainText = true
  isHTML = false

# Options to make hugo output files
[outputs]
  # uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.0
  home = ["HTML", "RSS", "JSON"]
  page = ["HTML", "MarkDown"]
  section = ["HTML", "RSS"]
  taxonomy = ["HTML", "RSS"]
  taxonomyTerm = ["HTML"]
Note that some of these parameters are explained in details in other sections of this documentation.

Default environments are development with hugo serve and production with hugo.

Due to limitations in the local development environment, the comment system, CDN and fingerprint will not be enabled in the development environment.

You could enable these features with hugo serve -e production.

uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.7

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[params.cdn]
  # CDN data file name, disabled by default
  # ("jsdelivr.yml")
  data = ""

The default CDN data file is located in themes/uBlogger/assets/data/cdn/ directory. You can store your own data file in the same path under your project: assets/data/cdn/.

uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0

You can directly set your ID to get a default social link and its icon:

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[params.social]
  Mastodon = "@xxxx"

The social link generated is https://mastodon.technology/@xxxx.

Or You can set more options through a dict:

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[params.social]
  [params.social.Mastodon]
    # weight when arranging icons (the greater the weight, the later the icon is positioned)
    weight = 0
    # your social ID
    id = "@xxxx"
    # prefix of your social link
    prefix = "https://mastodon.social/"
    # content hovering on the icon
    title = "Mastodon"

The default data of all supported social links is located in themes/uBlogger/assets/data/social.yaml, which is you can refer to.

It is recommended to put your own favicons:

  • apple-touch-icon.png (180x180)
  • favicon-32x32.png (32x32)
  • favicon-16x16.png (16x16)
  • mstile-150x150.png (150x150)
  • android-chrome-192x192.png (192x192)
  • android-chrome-512x512.png (512x512)

into /static. They’re easily created via https://realfavicongenerator.net/.

Customize browserconfig.xml and site.webmanifest to set theme-color and background-color.

uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.8
Hugo extended version is necessary for the style customization.

uBlogger theme has been built to be as configurable as possible by defining custom .scss style files.

The directory including the custom .scss style files is assets/css relative to your project root directory.

In assets/css/_override.scss, you can override the variables in themes/uBlogger/assets/css/_variables.scss to customize the style.

Here is a example:

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@import url('https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Fira+Mono:400,700&display=swap&subset=latin-ext');
$code-font-family: Fira Mono, Source Code Pro, Menlo, Consolas, Monaco, monospace;

In assets/css/_custom.scss, you can add some css style code to customize the style.

uBlogger theme is fully compatible with Hugo multilingual mode, which provides in-browser language switching.

Language Switch
Language Switch

uBlogger CHANGED | 0.2.10
Language Hugo Code HTML lang Attribute Theme Docs Lunr.js Support
English en en :(far fa-check-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
Simplified Chinese zh-cn zh-CN :(far fa-check-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
French fr fr :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
Polish pl pl :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-square fa-fw):
Brazilian Portuguese pt-br pt-BR :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
Italian it it :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
Spanish es es :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
German de de :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
German de de :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
Serbian sr sr :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-square fa-fw):
Russian ru ru :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
Romanian ro ro :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):
Vietnamese vi vi :(far fa-square fa-fw): :(far fa-check-square fa-fw):

After learning how Hugo handle multilingual websites, define your languages in your site configuration.

For example with English, Chinese and French website:

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# [en, zh-cn, fr, pl, ...] determines default content language
defaultContentLanguage = "en"

[languages]
  [languages.en]
    weight = 1
    title = "My New Hugo Site"
    languageCode = "en"
    languageName = "English"
    [[languages.en.menu.main]]
      identifier = "posts"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      name = "Posts"
      url = "/posts/"
      title = ""
      weight = 1
    [[languages.en.menu.main]]
      identifier = "tags"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      name = "Tags"
      url = "/tags/"
      title = ""
      weight = 2
    [[languages.en.menu.main]]
      identifier = "categories"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      name = "Categories"
      url = "/categories/"
      title = ""
      weight = 3

  [languages.zh-cn]
    weight = 2
    title = "我的全新 Hugo 网站"
    # language code, CN only here
    languageCode = "zh-CN"
    languageName = "简体中文"
    # whether to include Chinese/Japanese/Korean
    hasCJKLanguage = true
    [[languages.zh-cn.menu.main]]
      identifier = "posts"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      name = "文章"
      url = "/posts/"
      title = ""
      weight = 1
    [[languages.zh-cn.menu.main]]
      identifier = "tags"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      name = "标签"
      url = "/tags/"
      title = ""
      weight = 2
    [[languages.zh-cn.menu.main]]
      identifier = "categories"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      name = "分类"
      url = "/categories/"
      title = ""
      weight = 3

  [languages.fr]
    weight = 3
    title = "Mon nouveau site Hugo"
    languageCode = "fr"
    languageName = "Français"
    [[languages.fr.menu.main]]
      identifier = "posts"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      name = "Postes"
      url = "/posts/"
      title = ""
      weight = 1
    [[languages.fr.menu.main]]
      identifier = "tags"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      name = "Balises"
      url = "/tags/"
      title = ""
      weight = 2
    [[languages.fr.menu.main]]
      identifier = "categories"
      name = "Catégories"
      pre = ""
      post = ""
      url = "/categories/"
      title = ""
      weight = 3

Then, for each new page, append the language code to the file name.

Single file my-page.md is split in three files:

  • in English: my-page.en.md
  • in Chinese: my-page.zh-cn.md
  • in French: my-page.fr.md
Be aware that only translated pages are displayed in menu. It’s not replaced with default language content.
Use Front Matter parameter to translate urls too.

Translations strings are used for common default values used in the theme. Translations are available in some languages, but you may use another language or want to override default values.

To override these values, create a new file in your local i18n folder i18n/<languageCode>.toml and inspire yourself from themes/uBlogger/i18n/en.toml.

By the way, as these translations could be used by other people, please take the time to propose a translation by :(fas fa-code-branch fa-fw): making a PR to the theme!

uBlogger NEW | 0.2.0

Based on Lunr.js or algolia, searching is supported in uBlogger theme.

In order to generate index.json for searching, add JSON output file type to the home of the outputs part in your site configuration.

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[outputs]
  home = ["HTML", "RSS", "JSON"]

Based on index.json generated by Hugo, you could activate searching.

Here is the search configuration in your site configuration:

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[params.search]
  enable = true
  # type of search engine ("lunr", "algolia")
  type = "lunr"
  # max index length of the chunked content
  contentLength = 4000
  # placeholder of the search bar
  placeholder = ""
  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.1 max number of results length
  maxResultLength = 10
  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.3 snippet length of the result
  snippetLength = 30
  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.1 HTML tag name of the highlight part in results
  highlightTag = "em"
  # uBlogger NEW | 0.2.4 whether to use the absolute URL based on the baseURL in search index
  absoluteURL = false
  [params.search.algolia]
    index = ""
    appID = ""
    searchKey = ""

The following is a comparison of two search engines:

  • lunr: simple, no need to synchronize index.json, no limit for contentLength, but high bandwidth and low performance (Especially for Chinese which needs a large segmentit library)
  • algolia: high performance and low bandwidth, but need to synchronize index.json and limit for contentLength

uBlogger NEW | 0.2.3 The content of the post is separated by h2 and h3 HTML tag to improve query performance and basically implement full-text search. contentLength is used to limit the max index length of the part starting with h2 and h3 HTML tag.

You need to upload index.json files to algolia to activate searching. You could upload the index.json files by browsers but a CLI tool may be better. Algolia Atomic is a good choice. To be compatible with Hugo multilingual mode, you need to upload different index.json for each language to the different index of algolia, such as zh-cn/index.json or fr/index.json

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